What are spiders?
All species of spiders have a few characteristics in common. They have two body parts - a fused head and thorax, and an abdomen. Spiders have eight legs, no wings, no antennae, and chelicerae (fangs). Spiders do not have chewing mouthparts. Instead, they use digestive enzymes in their saliva to break down their food before eating it. Spiders are arthropods, and have exoskeletons, meaning that their skeletons are located on the outside of their bodies.
Spiders come in a wide range of sizes, colors, and color patterns, depending on their exact species. Two species of spiders that Oklahoma residents need to be aware of and avoid are black widow spiders and brown recluse spiders.
Black widow spiders
Black widow spiders are easily identifiable by an orangish-red “hourglass” mark on the underside of their abdomen. These spiders also have light red or white markings on their abdomen and backs, and their round bodies are shiny black in color.
Brown recluse spiders
Brown recluse spiders range in color from a yellowish-gray to dark black. Their long legs are darker in color than their bodies. Brown recluse spiders have a distinct “violin-like” pattern found on the top of their bodies, and they have three pairs of eyes that are specifically arranged in a semi-circle.
Are spiders dangerous?
Most house-invading spiders are nuisance pests. Their venom is not strong enough to cause significant health risks for people. In general, spiders are shy and reclusive by nature, and they stay hidden away from people. Spiders usually only bite when they feel threatened, are startled, or are being directly handled. However, there are species of dangerous spiders living in the United States and in Oklahoma. Black widow spiders and brown recluse spiders both have venom that is strong enough to trigger serious health concerns in people and pets. The severity of symptoms depends on the location of the bite and how much venom is injected. If bitten by either a brown recluse or black widow spider, immediate medical attention should be sought to treat the symptoms.
Why do I have a spider problem?
Spiders typically like living outside because that is where they find plentiful food, water, and shelter sources. Spiders are a predatory species, and they feed on a variety of insects and other spiders, helping to keep nuisance insect populations down. Properties with areas of dense vegetation, gardens, tall grasses, and piles of debris tend to harbor large spider populations. Spiders are also found living inside homes and other buildings, making their way inside while following food sources. Once inside, spiders typically stay (especially during winter months), feeding on insects that have also found their way inside.
Where will I find spiders?
Spiders usually nest and hide out in dark, quiet, out-of-the-way places. Outside, they make their webs or burrows in tall grasses, inside bushes and shrubs, between rocks, underneath decks and porches, in gardens, in wood piles, under lawn furniture, and in the corners of entryways. Black widow and brown recluse spiders both like to place their irregular-shaped webs at ground level. Inside, spiders hide out in dark, dry, quiet areas, creating webs in basements, closets, attics, crawl spaces, and under furniture.
How do I get rid of spiders?
The easiest and safest way to control and prevent spider infestations is with the help of a qualified professional. At Mid America Pest Control, our dedicated technicians provide the year-round services needed to rid your home and property of spiders.
Mid America Pest Control is committed to using innovative and eco-friendly solutions to remove spiders and other household-invading pests, and prevent their return. To learn more about eliminating spiders from your Tulsa, Oklahoma home, reach out to Mid America Pest Control and schedule your free 58-Point Pest Analysis.
How can I prevent spiders in the future?
The best way to prevent problems with potentially dangerous spiders and other household-invading pests is to seek professional pest control from Mid America Pest Control. In addition to our professional pest control services, the following tips can help to prevent problems with spiders:
Seal entry points. Caulk cracks and crevices in your home's foundation and exterior walls.
Make sure all screens are intact.
Place weather stripping around windows and doors.
Locate gardens and wood piles away from the outside of your home.
Remove piles of debris from your property.
Keep your lawn cut short.
Clear out areas of overgrown or dense vegetation.
Eliminate water sources by repairing clogged gutters and leaky fixtures and hoses that provide a water source.